The GATE exam is one of the most prestigious examinations for Indian Engineering students. Along with unlocking the excess to get admission in any IIT and NIT in India, securing a good rank in the GATE examinations also opens the door for many employment opportunities and also for the admissions in some collages located in different countries like Singapore and Germany.
Contents1. GATE Exam Basic Information
2. GATE 2021 Eligibility Criteria
2.1. GATE Examination for Different Branches
3. GATE Exam Pattern 2021
3.1. Images complicate things?
4. GATE New Syllabus 2021
4.1. Student Statistics for Past Examinations
5. Important Dates one Need to Know about GATE Exam 2021
6. GATE Exam 2021 Cut off
7. GATE Result 2021 and Further Opportunities
7.1. Some Helpful Tips to Ace GATE in 2021
A good GATE score can also help one qualified for various scholarships and financial aids for studying further. More than students appear on the GATE examination each year with a dream to get admission and study at their favorite Technical Institutes across India, but only a handful of them are able to fulfill their dream.
The main difference between those who are able to crack this examination and those who aren’t lying in the amount of preparation one has done and the information one has collected about the examination. So we are here to provide you all the relevant information you need to know in order to be fully prepared and ace the examination. We also have a list of possibilities you can go for after GATE so that you choose now if you are not yet sure.
GATE is the acronym of the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering. It is the national level test for Indian Engineering students for admission to most prestigious academies in India for postgraduate studies. Although it is mainly for Indian students, it is also open to students from other countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, United Arab Emirates, Ethiopia, and Sri Lanka. A good GATE score can also help one get admission to some colleges outside India located in Singapore and Germany.
Every year the GATE examination is organized by one of the IITs located at various parts of India and the IISc (Indian Institute of Science). These IITs are IIT Bombay, IIT Guwahati, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Madras, IIT Roorkee, IIT Delhi, and IIT Kanpur. For the year 2021, IIT Bombay is the one who is going to organize the exams. So all the relevant information that one needs to know about the date, eligibility, or exam pattern is available on the examination is available on the IIT Bombay’s website.
In order to be eligible to appear in the GATE examination, a candidate should have some academic and personal credentials. According to the eligibility criteria released by IIT Bombay who is organizing the GATE exams for the year of 2021, the eligibility criteria of the GATE exams for the year of 2021 includes
- A candidate who wants to appear in the GATE exam must be in the final or pre-final year of the bachelor’s degree program that they are pursuing. The program should be related to the fields of Engineering or Architecture or Technology.
- The candidate must be in either the final or pre-final year of their master’s degree program that they are pursuing. The program should be related to Science, Computer Applications, Mathematics, Engineering, or Statistics.
Before 2021, students who are only in their final year of their bachelor or master’s degree program could appear in the GATE exam. But the rule has been changed this year that allows the students in their pre-final year to also appear on the examination. This gives the students one extra year or one extra chance to appear on the examination which the students who already appeared on the exam missed.
This year an extra subject has also been added to the list of GATE papers, Humanities and Social Sciences. This will allow the students who are pursuing a degree in the humanities background to also appear on the examination.
There is no limitation regarding the age of the candidates to appear on the GATE examination. Students can appear on the examination at any age. However, since the candidate needs to complete their degree before appearing on the examination it is obvious to say that all the candidates that appear on the GATE are at least 21 years old. However there is a limit on what the highest year that the students graduate could be, so it places a limit on the number of times a candidate can appear on the examination.
GATE is available for almost every branch of Engineering. Students of any branch of Engineering can appear in the GATE examination as long as they have a B. Tech or M. Tech degree. Students from M Sc Can also appear on the GATE examination as long as their degree is on a related subject of the subjects GATE exam is organized.
For example, a student who holds an M. Sc. Degree in Chemistry can appear on the GATE examination for the GATE chemistry paper. From the year 2021, students with humanities background will also be able to participate in the examination due to the addition of the new subjects.
The GATE examination is available in 27 papers, as of the year 2021 among which the candidates have to choose one to appear on. The list of the papers a candidate can choose from are listed below
- Aerospace Engineering ( Paper Code- AE)
- Agriculture Engineering (Paper Code- AG )
- Architecture and Planning (Paper Code- AR )
- Biomedical Engineering ( Paper Code- BM )
- Biotechnology (Paper Code- BT )
- Civil Engineering (Paper Code- CE )
- Chemical Engineering (Paper Code- CH)
- Computer Science and Information Technology (Paper Code- CS )
- Chemistry (Paper Code- CY )
- Electronics and Communication Engineering (Paper Code- EC )
- Electrical Engineering (Paper Code- EE )
- Ecology and Evolution (Paper Code-EY )
- Environmental Science and Engineering (Paper Code- ES )
- Geology and Geophysics (Paper Code- GG )
- Instrumentation Engineering (Paper Code- IN )
- Mathematics (Paper Code- MA )
- Mechanical Engineering (Paper Code- ME )
- Mining Engineering (Paper Code- MN )
- Metallurgical Engineering (Paper Code- MT )
- Petroleum Engineering (Paper Code- PE )
- Physics (Paper Code- PH )
- Production and Industrial Engineering (Paper Code- PI )
- Statistics (Paper Code- ST)
- Textile Engineering and Fiber Science (Paper Code- TF)
- Life Sciences (Paper Code- XL )
- Engineering Sciences (Paper Code- XE )
- Humanities and Social Sciences (Paper Code- XH)
Before this year, there were 25 papers among which the candidates had to choose. But in this year two new papers were added in the list of GATE papers which brings the total number of papers up to 27. The two new papers that were added this year are the Humanities and Social Sciences paper with paper code XH and the environment Science and Engineering paper with Paper code ES.
GATE is a computer-based examination. The main purpose of this exam is to check a candidate’s understanding and knowledge of the subjects of engineering from the list of subjects that the exam is organized on. In order to do that the exam consists of 65 questions. A candidate is allowed 3 hours within which they are supposed to complete the exam.
There are three types of questions in a GATE examination paper. The types of questions available are MCQs or Multiple Choice Questions, MCQs or Multiple Select Questions, and Numerical Answer type Questions or NATs. All of these questions carry either 1 or two marks. Correctly answering a question awards the candidate with either one or two marks. A wrong answer results in the deduction of 1/3 marks for a 1 mark question and 2/3 marks for a 2 marks question. There is negative marking for wrong answers, which is why candidates should be very careful while attempting the questions. In case of doubt, sometimes not answering the question can be more beneficial than attempting and losing marks.
The questions pattern and marking scheme for a GATE paper can be different according to the subject of the paper. Candidates can choose one or in the case of some branches maximum of two papers to appear on. All the papers have in total of 100 marks and 65 questions.
For the papers, Architecture, and planning, Chemistry, Ecology and Evolution, Geology and Geophysics, Mathematics, Physics, Statistics, Humanities, and Social Sciences, and Life Sciences 15% marks of the total paper come from the General aptitude section and the rest of the 85% marks come from the subject that the candidate chose.
The rest of the subject papers have the mathematics section added to them. For the papers Aerospace Engineering, Agriculture Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Biotechnology, Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Information Technology, Electronics, and Communication Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Environmental Science and Engineering, Instrumentation Engineering, Mechanical engineering, Mining Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Production and Industrial Engineering, Textile Engineering Fiber Science and Engineering Sciences 13% marks are from the Engineering mathematics section, 15% marks come from the General Aptitude section and the rest of the 72% marks are from the subject itself.
Each paper has three sections. One of these sections is the General Aptitude section; another is the compulsory subject section and the final section consists of a subject that the candidate can choose. For the life sciences paper the compulsory subject is Chemistry, and for Humanities and social sciences, the compulsory subject is Reasoning and comprehension. For the rest of the subjects, the compulsory subject is mathematics.
The GATE syllabus for each of the papers and all of the subjects has already been released. The topics that each of the papers will cover are mentioned below so that you can check the one for your paper.
The Engineering Mathematics section is a compulsory portion of many of the papers. The mathematics section covers the following topics: Calculus, Complex variables, Linear algebra, Vector Calculus, partial and ordinary differential equations, Probability and statistics, and numerical methods.
The paper for the Aerospace Engineering includes the following topics: aerodynamics, flight mechanics, space dynamics, structures, and propulsion.
Agriculture Engineering includes the following topics: Farm Machinery, irrigation and drainage engineering, dairy and food engineering, soil and water conservation engineering, farm power, and agricultural processing engineering.
The paper for the Architecture and planning contains three sections. The first section contains general questions on topics like urban design, planning process, and housing. The 2nd section contains questions on the topic architecture and the 3rd section contains questions on the topic planning.
Biomedical Engineering paper includes the topics of Electrical circuits, sensors, and bio instrumentation, measurements, and control system, biomechanics, human anatomy and physiology, medical imaging system, analog, and digital electronics, signals, and system, and biomaterials.
Biotechnology paper contains the following topics: General biotechnology that contains the subtopics microbiology, biochemistry, and immunology, Fundamentals of biological engineering, plant-animal, and microbial biotechnology, Recombinant DNA technology, and other tools in biotechnology, genetic, cellular, and molecular biology and bioprocess engineering and process biotechnology.
Civil Engineering is one of the most popular choices for a paper among the students appearing on GATE. The topics in the syllabus of this paper include transportation engineering, water resources engineering, structural engineering, environmental engineering, geometrics engineering, and geotechnical engineering.
The chemical engineering paper includes the topics heat transfer, mass transfer, Process calculation and thermodynamics, chemical reaction engineering, fluid mechanics and mechanical operations, chemical technology, instrumentation and process control, and plant design, and economics.
Computer Science and Information Technology are some of the most popular papers too. Its syllabus includes algorithms, digital logic, compiler design, the theory of computation, operating system, computer networks, databases, programming, and data structure, and computer organization and architecture.
Chemistry has the following topics: inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, and physical chemistry. Organic chemistry is the section that contains the most marks and physical chemistry contains the least.
Electronics and Communication Engineering paper contains the topics of analog circuits, control systems, electronic devices, digital circuits, communications, electromagnetic and networks, signals, and systems.
The Electrical Engineering paper is also very popular among the students that appear on the exam. Analog and digital electronics, electrical and electronic measurements, power electronics, control systems, signals and system, electrical mechanics, electromagnetic fields, electric circuits, and power systems are the topics you need to study if you want to appear on this paper.
Ecology and Evolution paper has the topics behavioral ecology, ecology, applied ecology and evolution, evolution and mathematics, and quantitative ecology.
According to the syllabus released this year Environmental Science and engineering syllabus includes the topics water and wastewater management, environmental management and sustainable development, environmental chemistry, water resources, and hydraulics, environmental microbiology, global and regional environmental issues, solid and hazardous waste management, noise pollution and air pollution.
Geology and Geophysics have three sections to the paper. The first section is a common section containing topics like earth and planetary system and crystallography and the two other sections contain questions on geology and geophysics.
The instrumentation engineering syllabus has the topics of electrical circuits and machines, control systems, communication and optical instrumentation, measurements, analog electronics, sensors and industrial instrumentation, digital electronics, and electricity and magnetism, signals, and systems.
Mechanical Engineering and also a quite popular paper and it includes the topics of fluid mechanics and thermal sciences, applied mechanics and design and, material, manufacturing, and industrial engineering.
The mining Engineering paper has the following topics: geometrics and ground control, surface environment, mine ventilation, and underground hazards, mineral economics, mine planning, and system engineering, mining methods and machinery and mining geology, mining development, and surveying.
If you are appearing on the Metallurgical Engineering paper you should study transport phenomena and rate process, manufacturing processes, mechanical metallurgy, physical metallurgy, mineral processing, and extractive metallurgy, and metallurgical thermodynamics.
The main topics that the Petroleum Engineering syllabus includes are oil and gas drilling technology, petroleum production operations, reservoir engineering, petroleum exploration, enhanced oil recovery techniques, oil and gas well testing, health, safety and environment in the petroleum industry, petroleum formation evaluation, offshore drilling and production practices, and latest trends in petroleum engineering.
The physics paper includes the topics electromagnetic theory, mathematical physics, quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, solid-state physics, thermodynamics and statistical physics, atomic and molecular physics, nuclear and particle physics, and electronics.
The Production and Industrial Engineering paper syllabus contain the topics operation research and operations management, industrial engineering, quality and reliability, manufacturing processes one and two, and general engineering.
The Statistics paper contains regression analysis, multivariate analysis, non-parametric statistics, testing of hypotheses, estimation, Stochastic processes, probability, calculus, and matrix theory.
Textile Engineering and Fiber Science paper the following topics: yarn manufacture, yarn structure, and properties, textile fibers, fabric manufacture, structure, and properties, chemical processing, and textile testing.
The Life Sciences students are supposed to select two papers that they need to appear on. The papers are comprised of the following subjects
- Food Technology
- Microbiology and
Engineering Sciences students can choose their subjects from the following topics
- Fluid mechanics
- Food technology
- Engineering mathematics
- Atmospheric and oceanic sciences
- Material science
- Polymer science and engineering
- Solid mechanics and
The Humanities and Social Sciences paper was a new addition to the list of GATE papers. It has been added just this year, but the syllabus of this paper has already been released. The syllabus includes psychology, philosophy, English, economics, sociology, and linguistics. The candidates are supposed to choose one of these subjects. They also have reasoning and comprehension and general aptitude as their compulsory topics.
Each year more than 6-9 lakhs students appear in the GATE examination since the year 2012. In the year 2019, 7,79,632 students appeared on the GATE examination in total. Among these students, only about 18.80% qualified for the examination and took part in the admissions in different IITs and other programs.
For the year 2020, 858890 students applied for the exam, 685088 students appeared on the exam and 128797 students ended up qualifying for the examination. The passing percentage is approximately 18.8%. Electronics and Communication Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Information Technology, and Electrical engineering are the five branches where most of the students apply.
The other papers do not get as many candidates as these 5 branches. In fact for each branch individually, they get more students than the rest of the branches combined.
The dates of the GATE examination for the year 2021 have already been announced and are available for anyone to see on the IIT Bombay’s GATE 2021 official website. The dates are as followed
- The information website for the GATE 2021 examination has already been released and it can be visited by clicking on the following URL: https://www.gate.iitb.ac.in/
- The official date for the starting of the registration process for the GATE exam for the year 2021 is the 14th of September 2020.
- The last date for the registration is the 30th of September 2020.
- The last date for the registration with an additional late fee is the 7th of October 2020.
- The last date till which a candidate can change the date, subject, or place of the examination or modify any wrong information is the 13th of November 2020.
- A candidate can download the admit card for the examination from the 8th of January 2021.
- The examination will go on for 6 days. The dates for the examination are 5th, 6th, 7th, 12th, 13th, and 14th of February 2021.
Due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, these dates can change and be pushed back depending upon the situation at the time. If there are any changes to the dates, the updates will be provided on the official GATE website. Keep checking the website for more information about the matter.
The cut off marks for the GATE exam for 2021 has not been released yet. And the date which this cut off mark will be released is also not specified yet. But we could make some speculations on what the cut off might be looking at the cutoffs of the previous years.
The thing to note here is that the cut off marks for qualifying the GATE exam is very different from the cut-off marks for admissions in various institutes. The cut-off marks for qualifying the GATE examination is way lower than the admission cut ff. The cut off for admission is different depending upon the institute that you want to go for. That said, the qualifying cut off still holds value and can help you get multiple opportunities.
The qualifying cut off marks also differ a lot depending upon the subject and the Cast of the candidate. The cut off for ST or SC and OBC students is different as India has a reservation system based on cast.
A good score can open up multiple opportunities for a candidate. The main and most popular reason that many appear on the GATE exam is to pursue higher studies. Students who get a very good rank in the exam can get admission in any of the IITs or NITs or IISCs of India. Generally, students who get a rank under 1500 are sure to get admission to any IIT or Institutes of their choosing. Students can get admission for the M. Tech. or ME programs with the help of a good GATE rank. Most prestigious Private and Government institutes of India accept students who get a GATE rank under 2500 for their Master’s program.
Admission isn’t the only benefit students get when they get an excellent GATE rank. Students are also awarded a stipend and a ton of other benefits that help the students pay their academic expenses. It can be seen as a financial aid that is awarded to these extraordinary students for their excellence.
Even if a student is unable to get admission in IITs or NITs with the help of their GATE score, they can go for Research positions instead. GATE score is accepted for many Junior Research fellowships, most notably in the CSIR Laboratories. Research work is important for the development of our amazing country and India needs more people who will research the underdeveloped areas of our country and improve them. That is why the choice to do research after GATE is such a great option.
Indian Technological Institutes re not the only Universities that provide admission based on a good GATE score. You can get admission even outside India with the help of a good GATE score. Universities in Singapore and Germany also accept students based on a good GATE score. National University of Singapore (NUS) and Nanyang Technological University (NTU) located in Singapore are two options you can go for.
Although you are also going to need a good academic record along with a good GATE score to get admission in these institutes. Technical University of Munich and Aachen University are two of the universities that are located in Germany that offer students admission to Masters degree program based on their performance in the GATE exam.
A good GATE score is also a requirement for many jobs, in both the private and government sectors. Some of the most prestigious companies in the world like Tata, Cisco, Samsung, and Google expect their employees to have an M. Tech. degree, for which you are going to need a good GATE score. Even if you go for a job just after completing your bachelor’s degree, having a good get score can seriously flaunt your skills and make you stand out a little bit from others that you are competing with.
You can even get job offers from PSUs if you have a good GATE score. BHEL, ONGC, PGCIL, IOCL, and over 200 other public Sector Undertakings offer jobs to those who pass their GATE exams with a good GATE score. So, having a good GATE score is almost a necessary requirement for recruitment in any of these sectors.
A teaching career is another option you can pursue after GATE. For a teaching job at any reputed university, one needs a Master’s degree. You can get that Master’s degree with the help of a good GATE score. GATE also opens up the gate to many scholarships. You can get the opportunity to work for giants government bodies like Doordarshan, ISRO, Indian navy, Army, etc.
All in all, appearing on and passing GATE is a worthwhile venture to go for if you belong to an Engineering background. You can get all sorts of opportunities, all you need to know what you want to go for and then prepare appropriately so that you can achieve the rank that will help you get what you want.
Although the exam is fairly competitive and challenging, it is not impossible to get a really good grade in this exam. With the helped of properly planned preparation, anyone can get a good enough score in GATE and fulfill their dream to pursue higher studies in the technical fields in one of the most prestigious institutes in India.
First off, what you need is to be clear on your goal. Set a target with the minimum marks that you want to score in the examination. Knowing your minimum target can help you plan your strategy much better than just blindly appearing on the examination with trying to get just any score. Analyze in your mind why you want to ace the test, is it for higher studies or to get research fellowships? Whatever it is research about the minimum marks you need to go for that and set your goals according to that. Don’t settle on the minimum possible value, choose a mark that is a bit higher than the minimum mark in order to be safe. Of course by all means you can do as better as you want to do than the goal you set, but study enough so that you can at least get more marks than your safety goal.
The second thing that you need to be clear about is the whole syllabus, the exam pattern, and the marking scheme of your paper. Knowing these details will help you determine what you need to study and how much focus you need to put in which topic so that you can prepare smartly and score better marks. Time is an important factor many ignore while preparing for an exam and that becomes their undoing. To avoid this trap, know which topics are the most important ones to get a good score. Find out the topics that contain the questions that get repeated year after year and make sure to prepare that portion well enough so that you are completely clear about the topic and you never forget it.
Rather than trying to complete the whole syllabus in a hurry, you should focus on getting clear on a topic first and then moving on to the next topic. It is better to know everything about the topics that you prepared so that you can attempt any question from that topic. It’s important how well you know a topic rather than how many topics you know the basics of.
If you want to finish preparing the whole syllabus, start preparing early on. If you are someone who is just starting their degree curriculum, it is the perfect time for you to start preparing for your exams.
Even if you are a bit further along, start just as soon as you can to get the best head start. Put in at least 6 hours a day and be consistent with your studies. Some students even put 12 to 13 hours every day, but you don’t really need to go that far, just be sure that you are consistent or regular. Study every day without any gaps, and try to get the same amount of hours of study doe each day, this will help your brain get used to the schedule.
Regular studying can also help you prepare your course way faster than you normally would which is important if you want the best possible results. Stick to the syllabus as closely as possible. Try to prepare your notes by studying the standard textbooks; they are the most reliable source of information that will help you ace the exam.
Make your notes as clean as possible, use proper space, write with good handwriting. Messy notes will not help you study, especially when you need them for quick revisions.
Make them as stimulating as possible, highlight the important points so that you can see them right away when you are revising. Use bookmarks and sticky notes to keep a tab on what belongs where. Writing the notes will help you memorize better and organizing them well will make the whole experience even more fun to do. Buy good pieces of equipment to write with, a good pen can make your writing experience a whole lot better.
Since it is a computer-based examination make sure to familiarize yourself with a computer and how all the controls work. You especially need to figure out how the virtual computer works, if you go on the exam and find out that you do not know how to use the calculator, you are going to lose a chunk of confidence which is bad in itself, but you will also lose time trying to figure out how it works, so just be sure to avoid that.
Try to solve as many numerical problems as you can. The theoretical questions are easier to remember, but if you don’t practice it often, your mathematical skills are going to be rusty. People tend to make silly mistakes in case of numerical problems which results in them losing marks. By practicing daily you can reduce the risk of making these silly mistakes to a minimum.
Before appearing on the final exam, after you are done studying and memorizing the syllabus, try to take mock tests to boost up your confidence and see how prepared you are for the examination. You can find plenty of mock tests available on the internet for almost every paper. If you do well, ride that boost of confidence and ace the real test too. Don’t be too nervous if you are not able to do too well in a mock test. Know that it is only for practice and you still have time to get more prepared on the topics that you are weakest in.
Try to keep a clear mind, especially right before your exams. Eat healthily, get full eight hours of sleep every night, try and relax every now and then so that your brain has the chance to get recharged and work on its full capacity. There is a great tip of not studying and worrying at all just the night before the test.
It keeps the mind fresh and helps you recall better during the exam. But you know your mind best. If you think a quick revision just before the exam can help you remember better, by all means, go ahead and do that. But last moments revisions are seen to do no favors to anyone.
All in all, be confident at what you have studied so far and try to solve them with as few errors as possible. Since there are negative markings for the wrong answers you should avoid answering the questions whose answers you do not know. Do your best and don’t worry about the rest.
With that, we wish you the very best of luck for your upcoming exams. Prepare with all your heart, your dreams of acing the exam and going for your desired field will come true.
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